The guidelines for a healthy and proper diet promote the consumption of vegetables, fruit and whole cereals, that is, foods rich in fibre, generally not very well-represented in our eating habits.
Dietary fibres are divided into:
INSOLUBLE FIBRES present mainly in cereal brans, and they act mainly in the regulation of gastrointestinal functions;
SOLUBLE FIBRES such as barley Beta-glucans, which perform numerous beneficial functions for the body, regulating the absorption of some nutrients such as sugars and fats. In doing so, they help control the glucose level and help reduce blood cholesterol. High cholesterol is a risk factor for the development of coronary heart disease.
Barley and Beta-glucans: important soluble fibres
Barley is a cereal whose grain, the caryopsis, is made up of about 80% carbohydrates, of which starch is an important source of energy for the body, while simple sugars are scarce. Dietary fibre (about 10%) is largely represented by soluble fibres, the Beta-glucans. It also contains proteins, B vitamins, and it is also a good source of minerals, especially potassium. Lipids are present in a very low percentage